Every woman is different, and so is her period routine. Some women get their periods on time, while for some it can be variable. Generally, the period comes after 24 to 38 days. A change in period routine can be normal at times, but it is essential to get an evaluation done. If you have a complaint of irregular periods, you must consult with a gynaecologist in Lahore.
What do you mean by irregular periods?
Irregular periods can be anything different from your usual routine. It can be a change in days, quantity of blood or lasting period. Irregular periods can better be defined as:
The time between your periods start to change, either it shortens or extends.
Your body loses more or less blood than your usual habit.
The number of days for which the period lasts varies a lot.
What causes irregular periods?
There can be many factors that can cause irregular periods. It can occur due to weight changes, some medications or pregnancy. However, the cause may not be the same in all circumstances. For ruling out the cause of it, you must visit a healthcare provider. Some causes of irregular periods can be as mentioned below.
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Pregnancy is one of the most common causes of missing a period. You may have spotting or light bleeding while you are pregnant. The sign and symptoms of pregnancy may include
Tenderness in breast
Sensitivity to smells
If you have any of the above symptoms and have has sex recently, either take the pregnancy test at home or visit a healthcare provider for confirmation.
Birth control methods
There are many birth controlling methods for women like birth control pills that influence your hormones or an intrauterine device. They can also be a cause of irregular periods. Since birth control pills alter your hormones, they can lighten your periods or can cause spotting. Moreover, the intrauterine device may cause excessive bleeding.
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCO)
PCO can be another major cause of irregular periods. During PCOs, you may miss your period, and bleed heavily, once you get them. PCOs can cause male pattern baldness, weight gain or obesity, excess growth of facial hair and infertility. Moreover, it can lead to insulin resistance and diabetes. Therefore, if you completely miss your period, consult with a healthcare provider soon.
Uterine fibroids are masses of tumors that attach to the uterus. They are often noncancerous. Uterine fibroids can cause an irregularity in the periods. Moreover, it may cause heavy bleeding that can lead to anaemia and may also cause painful periods. Uterine fibroids can show as pain in the pelvic region and back, painful sex and pain in the lower back.
Your thyroid gland helps in controlling your menstrual cycle. Too little or too much of thyroid hormones can affect your periods. Any alteration in the thyroid hormone levels can turn your periods light, irregular or heavy. Thyroid problems can also lead to amenorrhea-a condition in which periods are absent for one or more cycles.
Women who are athletes or do excessive exercise or weight training can have completely missed cycles of periods. Cutting down on the training may help in this condition.
Extreme weight loss
Extreme weight loss and eating disorders can also cause missed menstrual periods. Your body needs enough nutrients and energy to produce hormones needed for ovulation. For getting an insight into either your weight is healthy or not, check it through a BMI calculator. It will tell you about the right weight according to your height.
Irregular periods can occur due to various conditions like pregnancy, birth control methods, polycystic ovarian syndrome, uterine fibroids, thyroid problems, endometriosis, excessive exercise, excessive weight gain and weight loss. Missing a period can be normal at times. But, it is essential to rule out the cause.